George Nicholas Papanicolaou was born in Kimi on the island of Euboea. It is near the southern town of Karystos known for the ancient physician Diokles of. Even at a young age, George Papanicolaou envisioned himself striving to live his life out on some large, important, but as yet undefined stage. After receiving his. Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer George Papanikolaou In he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami, but.

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He attended school in Athens from the age of 11, and in entered the University of Athens to study humanities and music. When his mother died inhe returned to Greece and served as an army physician during the Balkan War. He subsequently researched the human female menstrual cycle cytology and used his techniques to examine cells for cancer in ; he then presented and published about the same thing in humans in β€”to a skeptical audience of surgeons.

Therefore, although Babes publication preceded Papanicolaou, the design of the Pap test belongs to Papanicolaou since he had already tried it in in “Women’s Hospital”. His studies on human beings, fromwas done to a large degree in collaboration with the gynaecologist Herbert Frederick Traut Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Shortly thereafter, inhe published Atlas of Exfoliative Cytologya treatise containing comprehensive information on the cytology of both healthy and diseased tissue, not just in the female reproductive system but also in other organ systems.

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Papanicolaou’s findings were of great benefit to the fledgling field of endocrinology. An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional.

The young couple returned to Greece following the death of his mother. John Snow, cholera β€” 20 Aug 39 – Dr. An indefatigable worker, Papanicolaou is said papanicooaou to have taken a vacation. All Rights Reserved under United States and international copyright laws.

At this leading research institution, he worked with Professor Ernst Haeckel, one of the first great supporters of Darwinism. After graduation, Papanicolaou worked in the military as an assistant surgeon for a short time, then returned to his hometown, Kimi. This fact was recounted by Papanikolaou. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

He did not take vacations, worked seven days a week and relished immersing himself in the wonders of his research. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

List people by country List people alphabetically List eponyms alphabetically List all women alphabetically. The Pap smear Papanicolaou is best known for his development of the “Pap test,” for the cytologic diagnosis of cancer, especially cancer of the uterus – second only to the breast as the site of origin of fatal cancers in American women.

Georgios Papanikolaou

During his research Papanicolaou observed that smears from pspanicolaou who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer showed cellular abnormalities enlarged, deformed, or hyperchromatic nuclei. Obstetric and Gynecologic Milestones. Article contents Bibliography See also. Those of us who looked upon him as a guiding star will always owe him our gratitude, and those women who were helped by his test owe him their lives.

Papanicolaou was not the first to show that cancerous cells could be identified under the microscope.

We palanicolaou John A. Retrieved from ” https: A screening test for the prevention of cancer of uterine cervix. Sackett, Evidence-based Medicine β€” 2 Apr 31 – E. In his work was honored by the U.


The study of science and medicine in Greece goes back as far as the history of medicine and was the home, in the late s, of Nikolas and Maria Papanicolaou a physician on the island of Euboea, Greece.

During these studies Papanicolaou noted cyclical changes in various vaginal discharges from test animals that Papanicolaou linked to the ovarian and uterine cycles.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou |

Three nations have dedicated postage stamps in his honor, including the U. However, he became interested in career opportunities in the United Nidholas US and decided to emigrate, arriving in New York on October 19, Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. In an attempt to test his theories in humans, Papanicolaou undertook a study of human vaginal smears.

In countries where Pap smears are routine clinical practice, cervical cancer rates have dropped dramatically, and the screening test is credited as one of the greatest life-saving techniques in medical practice. Papanicolaou was born on May the 13, in the city of Kymi on the Greek island of Euboea.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

They found many unsuspected cancers; which, were not yet detectable on regular biopsy. After service as a medical officer in the Balkan War ofhe came to New York with Mary for over 50 years Dr Pap’s life companion. However, Papanicolaou soon found appointment as assistant in the pathology department of New York Papanicklaou, and in he became assistant in anatomy at Cornell Medical College.